Trafalgar Square – This square is considered a centre of democracy where the public can hold rallies and demonstrations at weekends on various political, religious and general issues. It is a centrally located open space with historic importance where people can just spend time or participated in the various events that take place here throughout the year.
The area which covers the Square today was originally the courtyard of the Great Mews Stabling of Whitehall Palace. In the early 18th century the Mews were put out of use by the Royal family and it was decided to make this a place open to the public. John Nash, the architect, gave the initial plan for the Square in 1812. In 1830 it was named Trafalgar Square. Over the subsequent years the Square has evolved. Other famous architects who have contributed to its development include William Wilkins, Sir Charles Barry, Sir Edwin Landseer (the bronze lions set up in 1867) William Railton (the Nelson’s Column erected in 1843) etc. Apart from the Nelson’s Column, the Square has fountains and statues.
The Square has a Café which also has a bar. It is open from 10 AM to 6 PM. It is wheelchair accessible. The public toilets are situated at the base of the central staircase. They are open from 8 AM to 8 PM.
For the safety and convenience of the visitors the Heritage Wardens were introduced in 2000. They are at the square 24/7 and helps with information on the Square attractions and facilities as also assistance during events.
How to get to Trafalgar Square –
Tube: Charing Cross (on the Bakerloo & Northern Lines) which has an exit on Trafalgar Square.
Other stations close by, from where the Square is easily accessed are Leicester Square (Northern and Piccadilly Lines), Embankment (On Bakerloo, Northern, District and Circle lines) and Piccadilly Circus (on the Bakerloo and Piccadilly Lines).
Bus: Routes 139, 159, 176, 453, 3, 6, 9, 11, 12, 77A, 88, 91, 13, 15, 23, 24, 53.
Some routes start/end near the square. They are N2, N5, N18, N20, N21, N26, N29, N41, N47, N50, N89, N91, N97, N279, N381 and 53.
Other routes which touch Trafalgar Square are N3, N9, N11, N13, N15, N36, N44, N52, N77, N155, N159, N343, 6, 12, 23, 24, 88, 139, 176, 453.
Charing Cross Mainline Rail Station is also nearby – within walking distance of the Square.
The official Trip/Journey Planner is very helpful.